Any course s not on these lists that you feel are relevant as Restricted Electives need to be approved by your program advisorwhose name and email is listed within each major. In addition to APBI courses, students are encouraged to explore topics from one or more of the grouped courses listed below.
Please note that these groupings are themes only and are designed to support students in exploring their course options. Students must also take into account that some courses on this list may be credit excluded. For support in exploring your restricted electives, please contact your Program Advisor, Lesley Dampier lesley.
Students may select only courses that are not credit excluded. Discuss with a program or academic advisor. Note: students are encouraged to take courses across themes. The following categories are merely intended as suggestions for students interested in particular themes.Responding to Reddit Questions for Gay Men - r/AskGayMen
Please see the Dietetics Major website. Vivien Measday vmeasday. Plan Ahead — make sure you have pre-requisite classes for third and fourth year REs restricted electives that you wish to take.
This list contains courses with sufficient overlap that credit may be obtained for only one of the courses. Please note that students who chose their major prior to W are not required to take any HEs, as HEs are a new degree requirement. Nutritional Sciences students, for support in exploring your restricted electives, please contact your Program Advisor, Zhaoming Xu zhaoming. The following courses are eligible for meeting the Restricted Electives requirement for the Nutritional Sciences Major declared after W.
If you decide to take or level courses as your restricted electives, please ensure that you have a minimum of 45 credits of courses at or higher overall, as this is a requirement for graduation.
Faculty of Land and Food Systems. BIOL recommended. Sustainable Agriculture and Environment. Sustainable Agriculture and Environment Major Note: students are encouraged to take courses across themes.
Nutritional Sciences major declared in W or earlier. Nutritional Sciences Major Nutritional Sciences students, for support in exploring your restricted electives, please contact your Program Advisor, Zhaoming Xu zhaoming. Nutritional Sciences major declared in W and beyond. BSc in Food and Resource Economics. Select from these courses. A minimum of one course from each set must be selected.The departments of Botany and Zoology jointly offer one undergraduate degree.
For information on advanced programs in biology, see graduate Botany and Zoology. Students wishing to undertake a graduate program in biology should contact the life science departments most appropriate to the field of specialization. There are several undergraduate degree options leading to a major or honours in biology or a combined major or combined honours in biology and chemistry, biology and oceanography, or biology and computer science.
See the Biology Program Guide for details. It is also possible to add a minor in another subject. Students who have completed second year and have suitable course prerequisites may take combinations of 3-week or 6-week courses during Summer Session to a maximum of 18 credits each summer. Students who are entering second year and wish to pursue a biology specialization must apply using the online process administered by the Faculty of Science.
Students will receive an email communication regarding the process in late May or early June. Due to the similarity between the major and honours biology specializations in second year, the Faculty of Science only admits students directly to the Major, Combined Major, or the Combined Honours. Students who are not eligible for entry into a biology specialization using the second-year online process can apply for entrance into third-year biology specializations during the months of May, August, and January.
For further information on our specializations and admission process, please see the Biology website. Students transferring from other institutions into third-year biology and who have completed the prerequisite courses may submit late applications as needed.
Students who have already been admitted into a second-year biology specialization do not need to reapply for admission in third year unless they are applying to enter an honours specialization.
Qualified students wishing to enter a biology honours specialization should contact the Biology Office. Students can apply for entrance to a biology honours specialization during the months of May, August, and January. Progress of continuing biology students will be reviewed and considered for promotion at the end of each academic year.Mgsv female mod
This optional program integrates academic study and supervised work experience. Enrolment is limited. Admissibility to the third-year biology B. All three of these courses are required for the major and honours specializations in biology, the combined major and the combined honours in chemical biology, the combined major and the combined honours in computer science and biology, and the combined honours in oceanography and biology.
BIOL and are required for the combined major in oceanography and biology. Students interested in meeting the entrance requirements of the Faculties or Schools of Land and Food Systems, Dentistry, Forestry, Medicine, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kinesiology, and Rehabilitation Sciences should consult the appropriate office to determine the first-year biology requirement.
BIOL 200 (3 cr): Cell Biology I: Structural Basis
The list of Life Science Selections below is divided into two groups: a science courses that count towards the Science Requirement and b non-science courses that do not count towards the Science Requirement. The list of Life Science Selections below is divided into two sets: a science courses that count towards the Science Requirement and b non-science courses that do not count towards the Science Requirement. BIOL counts as either 2 credits of laboratory selection and 1 credit of Life Science selection or 3 credits of Life Science selection.
Combined Honours: Computer Science and Biology is also offered. Students must contact a computer science advisor for entry into the Combined Honours: Computer Science and Biology. For a full list of acceptable courses see Communication Requirement. Students are encouraged to also take PHYS PHYS will count as an elective. If the credit total of the courses selected for the Biology Laboratory selections exceeds 4, then these excess credits of Biology Laboratory selections will count toward the Life Science selections.
If the credit total of the courses selected for the Biology Laboratory Selections exceeds 4, then these excess credits of Biology Laboratory Selections will count toward the Life Science Selections.
Students may choose to take both courses in second year, by replacing the second year elective and increasing the available electives in third and fourth years.
At least 6 credits of Cell and Developmental Biology Selections must be at the fourth year level. Two of BIOL11,1111,6.Redfield or Dr. Students planning to take upper-level courses in ecology, evolution or conservation biology: Genetics for Life puts strong emphasis on natural genetic variation, and on how genetic processes act on natural populations.
Students interested in the personal and societal relevance of genetics: Genetics for Life provides students with the genetics background to understand personal and societal issues such as ancestry, gene editing, forensic DNA analysis and the differences between people from different parts of the world.
The video lectures are continuously available online; students may access any lecture at any time. Transcripts and slides for each lecture can be downloaded for easier offline studying. Many practice problems are also provided online. The weekly tutorials use a problem-based learning approach; students work in teams to analyze and explain genetic phenomena. To maximize flexibility for students, one of the tutorials has been scheduled for pm on Thursday evenings.
The others are Tues. Assessment is by online problem-solving quizzes, short writing assignments, tutorial tasks and written paper midterm and final exams. All assessments are open-book. Week-by-week Syllabus: How different are we? Introduction to DNA, genes and chromosomes and the relationships between human populations. How DNA molecules change. The causes and immediate consequences of mutations. DNA differences and gene functions.
Protein structure and function. How mutations that change gene activity or function affect the properties of organisms. Interactions between different alleles.
Genetic interactions. Sex determination and genes on sex chromosomes. Interactions between different genes.
How mutations cause cancer. Natural genetic variation. How natural genetic variation is studied, and how it differs from the variation usually presented in textbooks. Heritability and genome-wide association studies. Genetic variation for cancer risks. Personal genomics. Kinds of DNA typing and genome analysis, and what can be learned from them about health risks, personal attributes and ancestry.
The mechanics of inheritance. How genes and chromosomes are transmitted through the generations including the molecular mechanisms of mitosis and meiosis. Genetic analysis. Using genetic crosses as a research tool to investigate how genes work and what they do.
Sex-linkage, pedigree analysis, and hypothesis testing. All about breeding and inbreeding. More about heritability and GWAS. Inbreeding in humans, crops and livestock, and evolution.Concepts fundamental to biological issues, such as the genetic basis of biological variation, evolution, infectious diseases, causes of cancer, population growth, and human effects on ecosystems.
The principles of cellular and molecular biology using mainly bacterial examples.Tdiu va pay
Cellular processes, evolution and the impact of microbial life on the environment. Principles of storage and transmission of genetic variation; origin and evolution of species and their ecological interactions. Guided experimental investigations of biological questions. Not intended for credit in the Biology program. The principles of biology with particular reference to the human body anatomy and physiology.
Laboratories include selected experiments on organ physiology and general anatomy. Structure and function of plant and animal cells; membrane models, cytoplasmic organelles, biological information from gene to protein, the endomembrane system, secretion, intracellular digestion, endocytosis, transport processes, cytoskeleton and cell motility. Biological molecules, protein structure and enzyme action, energy transfer, selected metabolic sequences and their regulation. Introduction to the origin and diversity of protists protozoa and algae at both cellular and genomic levels, including the role of endosymbiosis in evolution.
BIOL recommended. Introduction to the vertebrate phyla and their evolution; a comparative study of vertebrate structure and function, with dissection of representative forms. Or c 7 credits of first-year biology. An introduction to the unity, diversity and evolutionary history of invertebrates. A study of fungi, algae, lichens, and bryophytes, integrating form and function as they are related to adaptation to environment. A comparative study of pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms, integrating form, function and ecology.
Dynamics of plant and animal populations, structure of ecological communities and functioning of ecosystems. Interpretation of research results and application to environmental issues.
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Genotype and phenotype, mechanisms of inheritance, genetic analysis. Students will work in groups to design their own experiments utilizing unicellular eukaryotes or prokaryotes.
Techniques in microscopy and other methods used to study cells will be stressed. Principles of cellular and organismal physiology illustrated with examples from unicellular organisms, plants and animals, focusing on transport processes, water balance, nutrient acquisition and communication. Statistical procedures for biological research; estimation, hypothesis testing, goodness of fit, analysis of variance and regression; use of computers for statistical analysis.
Third-year standing is required. Introduction to uses of mathematics in the biological sciences; experimental design and modelling of biological processes. Ecology of populations, communities and ecosystems. Tests of ecological theory with experiments and application to environmental issues.
Animal behavior from an ecological and evolutionary perspective; the methods used to study behaviour and test its adaptive significance. Study of the ecology of plant pathogenic organisms; principles of disease development and control. Importance, identification, dissemination and biology of weeds; preventative, cultural, biological and chemical methods of control.
A survey of the algae, considering their morphology, life history, classification, and ecology. A study of evolution, taxonomy and morphology of mosses, liverworts and hornworts with emphasis on living plants in their environment. Anatomy, morphology and relationships of the ferns and fern-allies, with assessment of both fossil and extant taxa.
The evolutionary diversity of the fungi as shown by their morphology and reproductive biology.BIOL is a relatively easy course, however the people that struggle through the course fail to learn how to study and answer questions the proper way. The course is a very general introduction to cellular biology. As a result, a lot of the course was review. Units were essentially review. Unit 1 focuses on microscopy and you essentially learn to look at different images of slides and tell what type of microscopy they are and what organelles they contain.
In Unit 2, you learn about the constituents of the lipid bilayer, and about protein and nucleic acid structure.
Detailed information about Genetics for Life (BIOL 233)
Unit 3 focuses on the nucleus, DNA, nuclear targeting, and Unit 4 on transcription. The midterm was essentially comprised of the first four units, and considering that they were mostly review of previously learned material, it was pretty easy to study for. Unit 5 looked at secretion, vesicle transport, glycosylation, and lysosomal targeting.
A lot of this was new and needed particular attention. It was probably the hardest unit. In Unit 6, we examined ATP production in mito and chloro- this was a short and easy unit. Unit 7 covered the cytoskeleton, which was completely new to me. And I hated it. Unit 8 was pretty interesting- we learned about FACS fluoresce-activated cell sorter which is a method used to determine the number of cells in different stages of the cell cycle.
You can see how you can, for example, connect this method of data interpretation with the inhibition of a particular cell cycle stage.
She had a lot going against her- an unmotivated class, a 1.
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She really tried her best to combat that. She was always extremely enthusiastic and upbeat which a lot of people found annoying, but I think it was necessary. She also did a lot of iClicker to try to wake up the class. Tutorial is worth a huge amount in this course and unfortunately, it is devilishly, agonizingly boring.
Tutorial is weekly, for one hour, with a TA. You often go through these problems in groups of and the questions are quite easy to answer. The quizzes are really short, 10 min, 3 short-answer questions and I never studied for them and passed most of them.
I got put with the most boring topic, oleosins, however I think that I had a really easy-going TA. Overall, the course is relatively easy as long as you put in a bit of effort especially around midterm season. To be honest, I barely followed along in class, probably slept through a few classes except woke up for iClickerand rushed through the homework. Just copy and paste them.
So, how did I do well in the course? Here are my 5 steps to success:. BIOL is a plethora of information and only information within the learning objectives are examinable. This is probably the most important lesson of BIOL This is not the case for BIOL APSC Global Engineering Leadership Practicum 3 creditstogether with its prerequisite course APSCGlobal Engineering Leadership 3 credits are designed to introduce upper-year students from a wide range of disciplines to concepts, theories, and practices of engineering leadership in international settings, exploring how technical problems and solutions fit in broader perspectives.
Appropriate implementation requires adapting to the social, cultural, economic, and political contexts and understanding the values expressed within them. Course Description. The course is offered during Summer Term 1 May-Jun and students can register for the prerequisite course on the SSC once registration opens. APSC coursework is also a technical elective in most Engineering disciplines:.
Click here to view an example syllabus. Complex international engineering projects typically require interdisciplinary approaches and individuals working together through the support of strong, ethical leaders. International Service Learning Program. More information. Eligibility Criteria. APSC runs in Summerterm 1. APSC runs in Summerterm 2.
Placement Description. For the summer ofthere are three International Service Learning placement sites. Each site offers its own unique range of projects to meet a wide range of student interest. Tsomanotik is an eco-agricultural organization working in Chiapas and is committed to promoting sustainability and solidarity in community settings. Tsomanotik is seeking to explore the possibility of a hydroelectric project with minimal inputs that would support the local fishery which is important for supporting the nutrition and economic opportunities of the community.
Interns will contribute to a feasibility study and conduct research on waste water management systems and the implementation of a reusable water system at the local fishery while also collecting data and analysis for the project.
ASVPA is interested in improving wastewater management systems using low technology solutions.
Student interns in this placement will be working on conducting research which includes a cost-benefits analysis for the project design and designing a grey-water recycling system using materials and resources available to the site. With growing populations and increased energy demands, SELCO Foundationthe community partner aims to dispel myths about the relationship between poverty, people, and technology. As a student intern, you will participate in a design challenge looking at specific energy access challenges for those living in marginalized communities.
An example of the type of project would be studying feasibility and implementation of solar power intervention for small-scale vendors in an informal settlement in India. Living Environment. In Mexico and Costa Rica you will live in hostel-style accommodations with modest living conditions on the placement site. Accommodation in India will be with a host family.I want to get into the Bachelor of Science Psychology program and this course gave me a solid foundation to start my journey.
Structure and function of plant and animal cells; cytoplasmic organelles and microscopy, biological information from gene to proteins, membranes, mitochondria and chloroplasts, the endomembrane system, secretion, intracellular digestion, endocytosis, transport processes, cytoskeleton and cell motility, cell cycle and mitosis. This is a 13 week course with regular due dates for group problems, case related material and the midterm exam. This course is open to students entering life science programs who have completed a full year of university level chemistry and a full year of university level biology with a lab.
It is essential that students actively participate in on-line discussion forums and work with a group on problem and case assignments. Biology is designed to provide you with a functional grasp of the structure and function relations of the major systems in eukaryotic cells.
It is designed for students who are entering programs in any of the life-science disciplines. While some background in chemistry is essential, this is not a biochemistry course; it provides the context and background for further study in cell and molecular biology, genetics and development. There is strong emphasis on problem solving and active learning.
This is an online course. Click here for more information about Canvas. Distance Learning. Forms of Distance Learning. Available Course Sections This course is not offered in W. Technical Requirements for Courses This is an online course. Disclaimer The course outline is subject to change. The official outline for this course can be found within the course site.
Informational macromolecules — You will study the features of the two major types of macromolecules that are essential for biological information flow, nucleic acids and proteins, and the forces that determine and stabilize their structure. Nuclei and Chromosomes — This module introduces the nucleus and its components and focuses on the relation between molecular and microscopic structure, the targeting of proteins to the nucleus and the construction of molecular and structural models for biological entities.
Biological Information Flow — In this unit we do an overview of transcription, transcript and translation that is needed as background for later work in the course and which provides background for later work in genetics and molecular biology.
Membranes — This unit introduces membrane components, phospholipid bilayers, membrane proteins and their interaction in real membranes, and well as the basics of membrane transport systems both active and passive. Mitochondria and Chloroplasts — Mitochondria and chloroplasts as degenerate prokaryotic symbionts and their role in the chemiosmotic production of ATP.Modern warfare fastest way to level up reddit
Cytoskeleton — The major cytoskeletal components of cells; dynamic instability of microtubules and actin filaments; motor proteins, cell motility. Cell Cycle and Mitosis — Checkpoint cell cycle control, Activation and control of cyclin dependent kinase activity, Chromosomal replication, Molecular Mechanics of Mitosis.
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